DOCTORS were forced to remove the eyes of three children after they were infected with a black fungus linked to Covid.
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Thousands of people in India have needed eyes removed due to black fungus. Pictured: A patient is inspected at Swaroop Rani hospital, Allahabad, India, June 5[/caption]
The serious and sometimes deadly complication commonly strikes those with uncontrolled diabetes, although it can be diagnosed in anyone.
Those with compromised immune systems – like diabetics – are most at risk of death too.
Removal of the eyes, teeth and other infected tissue in the face is a standard procedure for the infection and is the only way to effectively get rid of it.
It stops the mould from reaching the brain, which could lead to death.
The three children who had their eyes removed in Mumbai were aged four, six and 14 years old, local media report.
Only the 14-year-old is diabetic, and docs say her eyes “turned black within 48 hours”.
Dr Jesal Sheth, senior consultant paediatrician at Fortis Hospital, said: “The fungus was spreading to the nose too. Luckily, it did not reach the brain. We treated her for six weeks; unfortunately, she lost her eye.”
Another 16-year-old at the same hospital, who became diabetic after Covid, was found to have part of her stomach riddled with black fungus.
Dr Jesal Sheth is a senior consultant paediatrician at Fortis Hospital, where children have had their eyes removed due to black fungus – a serious complication of Covid[/caption]
Removal of the eyes, teeth and other infected tissue in the face is a standard procedure for black fungus. Pictured: A man in Ajmer, Rajasthan, after having parts of his nose operated on[/caption]
WHAT IS MUCORMYCOSIS?
Mucormycosis is the name used for any fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes.
These molds live throughout the environment. Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say symptoms vary depending on where the fungus is growing.
Symptoms of rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis include:
- One-sided facial swelling
- Nasal or sinus congestion
- Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of mouth that quickly become more severe
Symptoms of pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis include:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
Dr Sheth said: “The 16-year-old child was healthy a month ago. She had recovered from Covid. She was not diabetic. But she came to us with diabetes suddenly.
“Her intestines started bleeding. We did an angiography and found that black Fungus had infected blood vessels near her stomach.”
The younger children were admitted to Mumbai’s KBH Bachooali Ophthalmic and ENT Hospital with Covid.
Dr Prithesh Shetty, an ophthalmologist at the hospital, said: “Black Fungus was spreading in their eyes and if we had not removed the eyes, their life would have been in danger.
“They were already blind in one eye and it was hurting them badly. One child came to us in December last year. The second case came during the second wave.”
Thousands of patients in India have met the fate of having their eyes removed due to black fungus.
Around 60 per cent of patients treated in hospital have had at least one eye removed after the second wave of coronavirus caused an explosion of the creeping fungal disease.
Dr Brajpal Singh Tyagi performs a surgery to remove black fungus from a patient Adesh (39) at a hospital in Ghaziabad, India on June 3[/caption]
Dr Vijay Gakhar operates on a black and white fungus infected patient, at a hospital in Ajmer, May 29[/caption]
The fungus has now spread to other countries – medics in Chile reported a case of virus-related fungus, with scientists in Uruguay logging a patient there suffering with the condition.
Doctors in Oman are the most recent to say they have detected the potentially fatal fungal infection.
Mucormycosis gets in the body and spreads through the bloodstream to affect organs, such as the brain, eyes, spleen and heart.
It most often gets into those nose, sinuses and eyes, causing blackening or discolouration.
Symptoms include blurred or double vision, chest pain, breathing difficulties and coughing of blood.
Mucormycosis usually occurs later in the course of Covid-19 – typically after eight days.
But it can also occur after hospital discharge, doctors say.
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The misuse of steroid drugs to treat Covid, hot and humid conditions, and being on oxygen support for a long time have all been blamed as causes of the black and white fungal infections.
There are antifungal medicines that can be given, but India has been dealing with a shortage of medicines to treat it.
In most cases “surgical removal of the infected areas is very important and sometimes this surgery is quite extensive”, Prof David Denning of the Global Action Fund for Fungal infections (GAFFI) and the University of Manchester, said.