A NEW type of ancient human has been discovered in Israel, according to archaeologists.
Our Homo sapiens species would have lived alongside the previously unknown ancient humans 120,000 years ago.
These remains could belong to a previously unknown ancient type of human[/caption]
Experts found fragments of ancient skull, jaw bones and teeth that are being attributed to a new species.
Researchers are now calling the ancient people the Nesher Ramla people.
Anthropologist Israel Hershkovitz from Tel Aviv University is the lead author of the study.
Hershkovitz said: “The discovery of a new type of Homo is of great scientific importance.
A reconstruction revealed differences to Homo sapiens[/caption]
The skull structure is different to Homo sapiens[/caption]
“It enables us to make new sense of previously found human fossils, add another piece to the puzzle of human evolution, and understand the migrations of humans in the old world.
“Even though they lived so long ago, in the late middle Pleistocene (474,000-130,000 years ago), the Nesher Ramla people can tell us a fascinating tale, revealing a great deal about their descendants’ evolution and way of life.”
The remains were discovered eight metres deep at the Nesher Ramla archaeological site.
The discovery was made in Israel[/caption]
Animal bones and stone tools were also dug up.
The new ancient human remains have been dated somewhere between 120,000 and 140,000 years old.
Experts tried to reconstruct what the face of the ancient ancestor would have looked like.
Animal bones and stone tools were also found at the site[/caption]
The found the jaw was similar to that of a Neanderthal but the other bone fragments were more similar to humans.
However, the bones were different enough from each species to stand out as a potentially new one.
It’s thought the Nesher Ramla people had larger teeth than us and had a different skull structure and no chin.
The bones could teach us about interbreeding between ancient humans[/caption]
It’s thought the species could have appeared around 400,000 years ago and may have eventually lived alongside Homo sapiens who appeared later.
Homo sapiens arrived 200,000 years ago and may have shared an area known as the Levant with the Nesher Ramla people for around 100,000 years.
Archaeologist Yossi Zaidner from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel wrote a second paper on the discovery.
Two articles have been published about the finds[/caption]
Zaidner said: “This is an extraordinary discovery.
“We had never imagined that alongside H. sapiens, archaic Homo roamed the area so late in human history.
“The archaeological finds associated with human fossils show that Nesher Ramla Homo possessed advanced stone-tool production technologies and most likely interacted with the local H. sapiens.”
Hershkovitz added: “Our findings imply that the famous Neanderthals of Western Europe are only the remnants of a much larger population that lived here in the Levant – and not the other way around.”
There could have been interbreeding between the different species and the new findings could help solve the mystery surrounding a lost population of Neanderthals that are thought to have bred with humans.
A timeline of life on Earth
Here's a brief history of life on our planet
- 4.6billion years ago – the origin of Earth
- 3.8billion years ago – first life appears on Earth
- 2.1billion years ago – lifeforms made up of multiple cells evolve
- 1.5billion years ago – eukaryotes, which are cells that contain a nucleus inside of their membranes, emerge
- 550million years ago – first arthropods evolve
- 530million years ago – first fish appear
- 470million years ago – first land plants appear
- 380million years ago – forests emerge on Earth
- 370million years ago – first amphibians emerge from the water onto land
- 320million years ago – earliest reptiles evolve
- 230million years ago – dinosaurs evolve
- 200million years ago – mammals appear
- 150million years ago – earliest birds evolve
- 130million years ago – first flowering plants
- 100million years ago – earliest bees
- 55million years ago – hares and rabbits appear
- 30million years ago – first cats evolve
- 20million years ago – great apes evolve
- 7million years ago –first human ancestors appear
- 2million years ago – Homo erectus appears
- 300,000 years ago – Homo sapiens evolves
- 50,000 years ago – Eurasia and Oceania colonised
- 40,000 years ago – Neandethal extinction
Most read in Science
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